The Aztec Account of the Spanish Conquest of Mexico

The Aztec Account of the Spanish Overthrow of Mexico Miguel Leon-Portilla's dimensions "The Broken Spears" Introduction Other resources: •Aztec Life •Mexica Culture •Mexica Medicine •Religion of the Modern Aztlan Movement •Religion of the Mexica ; Bibliography •Major Deitites of the Mexica •Minor Deitites of the Mexica •Aztec Cannibalism: An Ecological Necessity? Path of the Overthrow On November 8, 1519, the Spanish conquistadors primeval entered the majestic city of Mexico, the principal the Aztecs had built on a lake island. Don Hernando Cortes, who was accompanied by six hundred Spaniards and a majestic divers congenital allies, at terminal could see for himself the temples and palaces environing which he had heard so divers marvels. The Spaniards arrived from the order of Tlalpan, to the south of the city, cessation despite one of the distant causeways that alike the island after a while the mainland. When they reached a locality unconcealed as Xoloco, they were welcomed by the terminal of the Motecuhzomas, who had after out to as them in the avowal that the stainless men must be Quetzalcoatll and other gods, unimportant at terminal from despite the waters now unconcealed as the Gulf of Mexico. Thus Cortes and his men entered the city, not merely as guests, but so as gods hence home. It was the primeval plain assault betwixt one of the most uncommon pre-Columbian cultures and the strangers who would thus-far ruin it. Cortes landed on the strand at Veracruz on Good Friday, April 22, 1519; the Aztec principal profaned to him on August 13, 1521. The events that took assign betwixt these two dates enjoy been recounted in a reckon of annals and other writings, of which the best unconcealed are the learning Cortes wrote to King Charles V and the True Hifable of the Overthrow of Mexico by Bernal Diaz del Castillo. These two works, along after a while a few others so written by Spaniards, until now enjoy been almost the merely basis on which historians enjoy judged the overthrow of one of the majesticest civilizations in pre-Columbian America. But these annals introduce merely one border of the fable, that of the conquerors. For some reason-scorn, perhaps-historians enjoy failed to judge that the conquered influence enjoy set down their own account in their own expression. This dimensions is the fir