UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS AS LITERATURE IN ENGLISH: SYLLABUS 9695 NOTES FOR TEACHERS ON STORIES SET FOR STUDY FROM STORIES OF OURSELVES: THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS ANTHOLOGY OF SHORT STORIES IN ENGLISH FOR EXAMINATION IN JUNE AND NOVEMBER 2010, 2011 AND 2012 CONTENTS Introduction: How to use these melodys 1. The Fall of the House of UsherEdgar Allen Poe 2. The Open BoatStephen Crane 3. The Door in the WallHG Wells 4. The Mob BeforeMaurice Shadbolt 5. A Horse and Two GoatsRK Narayan 6. JourneyPatricia Grace 7.
To Da-Duh, In MemoriamPaule Marshall 8. Of Colorless Hairs and CricketRohinton Mistry 9. SandpiperAhdaf Soueif 10. TyresAdam Thorpe These melodys are intentional to bestow some setting instruction on each constructor and/or romance as an aid to aid elaboration and to stimulate discourse in the classroom. They are intentional solely as a starting aim and are no depute for the teacher’s and student’s own con-over and research of the texts. Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849) The Fall of the House of Usher This is one of the most renowned gothic stories from one of the masters of the enre and contains sundry of the unwritten elements of the genre, including loathing, exit, medievalism, an old-date construction and signs of misty psychical restlessness. The moveing of unjust gloomy is symmetrical at the hole of the romance and less readers may melody an acknowledgement of the urge of gothic fiction: suitableness tless is awe and loathing, the recoil is ‘thrilling’ and the ‘sentiment’ is ‘half-pleasurable’. At the capital of the romance are mysteries, encircling the psychical specify of Usher himself and encircling his sister’s ailment and exit.
The romance solely offers hints and allude-toions; tless is an ‘unjust secret’, suitableness the sister, buried in a strangely arrest flaunt, repays as if vertical from the torpid to style her twin. In archetypal gothic practice, a furious storm of distant oppression mirrors the damnation of the rise and its ancestral settlement. Loathing stories and loathing films hold to keep broad widespread urge and it is rate regarding why this is so, and in what ways this romance fulfils the urge of the loathing romance. Why are Usher’s and his sister’s maladies never constructorized? What does Madeline’s decamp from the flaunt allude-to?
Wider lection Other gothic tales by Poe conceive The Masque of the Red Death, The Tell-Tale Heart and The Black Cat. The Dowager in Black by Susan Hill Compare after a opportagreement The Door in the Wall by HG Wells The Hollow of the Three Hills by Nathaniel Hawthorne The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman Online Biographical representative and a searchable register of products can be set at: http://www. online-literature. com/poe/ Stephen Crane (1871-1900) The Open Boat This romance is fixed on Crane’s own proof, when as a war resembling, the boat he was locomotive on to Cuba sank.
He and others elapsed a sum of days courseing in a slender boat antecedently extending settle. The romance explores the reelucidation of men in a shared vow and their familiarity in the countenance of hazard. The fact diction is factual and artless, may-be mirroring the right practicality of the men in the boat whose romance is nature narrated. It engenders an tears of the skilled seamanship and smooth demonstrated by the seamen. The drama in the romance ends from the waves; the seamen opposite, swap roles and succor each other beneath the frequentedion of the general.
When they thus-far extend strand, exit ends to one of them, who is ‘randomly’ clarified. Externally obviously aiming for touch, Crane achieves it after a opportagreement the oiler’s exit. The romance, relish the seamen, betrays ‘no hurried signification, no pallor, no artless agitation’, but achieves a legitimate appreciation of mislaying at its falsification. Wider lection The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane Typhoon by Joseph Conrad Compare after a opportagreement The Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allen Poe How it Happened by Arthur Conan Doyle Legitimate Date by Amit Chaudhuri Online Biographical representative and a searchable register of products can be set at: http://www. nline-literature. com/crane/ HG Wells (1866-1946) The Door in the Wall As well-behaved-behaved as renowned innovatings such as The War of the Worlds and The Date Machine, HG Wells wrote misty abrupt stories, sundry of which parade the constructor’s sympathy in fantasy and the unlikely, but a portion of the stories is the way in which Wells produces a appreciation of refrain in his facts. This was demonstrated when a radio unsparingly of an fitness of The War of the Worlds in 1938 motived trembling in New York, and can to-boot be seen in the attendant’s sympathy after a opportagreement the veracity of the romance at the preface of The Door in the Wall.
Here the attendant is retelling the romance of someone else, who in mold tells it to him after a opportagreement ‘such frequented sincerity of conviction’. This produces a tone which recrement throughout the romance, which on the one operative is ‘frankly incredible’ suitableness we are safe that ‘it was a docileman romance’. The impermanent childhood decamp into the paradisiacal oasis is evoked after a opportagreement nostalgic eagerness, but recrement enigmatical. The mark’s last exit leaves questions for the reader; it is either another enigmatical adventure, or some skin of elucidation to the puzzle.
Wider lection Try either of the innovatings registered aloft, or other abrupt stories by Wells, such as The Province of the Blind or The Diamond Maker. Compare after a opportagreement The Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allen Poe The Signalman by Charles Dickens The Affecting Finger by Edith Wharton Online Wells’ biography and a searchable register of products can be set at: http://www. online-literature. com/wellshg/ An representation of the New York trembling can be set at: http://history1900s. encircling. com/od/1930s/a/warofworlds. htm Maurice Shadbolt (1932-1985) The Mob Before
Maurice Shadbolt is one of the eminent images of New Zeasettle erudition, seductive misty awards and accolades for his product, considerable of which examines the hiromance of the province through fact. The accessible marks in this romance are statuary out a farming entity on the settle, and the signification of settle employment to the rise is made obvious in a sum of phrases in the romance. The attendant tells us that ‘my senior took on that farm’, he refers to the signification of ‘Land of your own,’ which behoves ‘your own insuggestive kingdom’.
The allude-toions of the hiromance of the settle end through the solution of the greenstone adzes and attitudes to the settle are brought to the fore after a opportagreement the scrutinize of the Maori clump. Although Shadbolt markises Tom Taikaka as acceptable, polished and unrepining, tless is the immutable beneathlying acknowledgement of the Europeans’ displacing of the Maori from their settle. Jim’s Nursing essay at restoring the greenstone to Tom is symbolic of an Nursing essay at compensation, and the reader is left to explain Tom’s loth delaydrawal.
The remold of the Maori senior to the settle in exit, and his evanition, is another note of his agreement after a opportagreement the settlevade and again demonstrates the incongruous attitudes to settle held by the Maoris and the Europeans, attitudes which stop polarised in the twins at the end of the romance. Wider lection Strangers and Journeys or The Lovelock Version by Maurice Shadbolt Playing Waterloo by Peter Hawes Compare after a opportagreement Voyage by Patricia Grace Her Primitive Ball by Katherine Mansfield The Enemy by VS Naipaul Online Biographical instruction and a ticklish re-examination of Shadbolt’s product is serviceable at: http://www. ookcouncil. org. nz/writers/shadboltm. html This newspaper obituary is to-boot sympathying: http://www. datesonline. co. uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article497710. ece RK Narayan (1906-2001) A Horse and Two Goats Narayan has written misty innovatings and abrupt stories, sundry of them set in Malgudi, a fictional but usual slender Indian town. His marks are regularly plain mob decision their direction through Indian morals. Although A Horse and Two Goats bring-abouts no allusion to Malgudi itself, it is usual of these stories, as Muni tries to feed and tranquility the bundle of his need.
The romance is narrated after a opportagreement the non-judgemental beneathstanding and docile humour usual of Narayan’s match. The account emphasises the insensibility of the village, and by spiral the insensibility of its accessible mark, who is coping after a opportagreement need and private agony and seeks to tranquility his way by fraud and fabrication. The big fraud of the romance, though, happens through misintellect and after a opportunityout Muni’s purpose, Narayan creating enddy through the two analogous lines of Nursing essayed tete-a-tete betwixt Muni and the American itinerant.
Within the enddy, though, Narayan parades the incongruous values of the two, the American’s tete-a-tete sympathyed after a opportagreement compensation and property, suitableness Muni is sympathyed after a opportagreement hiromance and intellectuality. Wider lection The Guide (novel) and Malgudi Days (abrupt stories) by RK Narayan Kanthapura by Raja Rao Compare after a opportagreement Games at Twilight by Anita Desai Of Colorless Hairs and Cricket by Rohinton Mistry Online Instruction encircling RK Narayan is serviceable at: http://www. eng. fju. edu. tw/worldlit/india/narayan. html Patricia Grace (1937-) Journey
Patricia Grace’s primitive innovating, Mutuwhenua, was suggestive in nature the primitive innovating published by a dowager Maori writer, and she has beend an symbolical image in Maori match in English in New Zealand. Voyage parades her sympathy in the Maoris’ unwritten styles on settle. The rather dislocated fact, after a opportagreement scant punctuation and no address markings, produces the pi of creating the old man’s perspective, although the fact is written in the third peculiar. This old man’s perspective, after a opportagreement its old Maori attainment, is paraden to be out of poise after a opportagreement ‘these early mob’, the ‘cars and railways’, the new housing and the augmentation of the city.
His voyage into the city bring-abouts him move over and over averse, and this is accentuated when the fact is interspersed after a opportagreement the colloquy tete-a-tete. The negotiative and the old man cannot bring-environing each other beneathstand. Tless is no conception on either face of the other’s survey of how settle should be used, and the romance ends after a opportagreement frustration, oppression and disillusion. In this romance, Grace allude-tos that unwritten Maori governance of settle has no settle in existent council and planning. Wider lection
Mutuwhenua (novel) or The Dream Sleepers and Other Stories (abrupt stories) by Patricia Grace Playing Waterloo by Peter Hawes The Bone Mob by Keri Hulme Compare after a opportagreement The Mob Antecedently by Maurice Shadbolt To Da-duh, In Memoriam by Paule Marshall Online Biographical and other instruction encircling Patricia Grace is serviceable at: http://www. artsfoundation. org. nz/patricia. html Paule Marshall (1929-) To Da-Duh, In Memoriam The attendant in this romance remembers her scrutinize from New York to her mother’s settlement province, which to her is the ‘alien vision and sounds of Barbados’.
The romance hinges on the relation formed betwixt the early damsel and her grandmother, Da-duh of the style. Suitableness the Caribbean is unlearned to the early damsel, who sees it as ‘some hazardous settle’, Da-duh wants to parade off its qualities, and a two-of-a-trade is symmetrical betwixt the damsel and the grandmother, betwixt puerilester and age, betwixt existentity and romance and betwixt New York and Barbados, which culminates in the damsel’s assumption of the summit of the Empire Specify Building, which dwarfs all that Da-duh parades her.
The early damsel’s trophy, thus-far, is moderate at the end of the romance by ‘the shadow’ of Da-duh’s exit. Wider lection This romance is charmed from Merle and Other Stories by Paule Marshall. Compare after a opportagreement Voyage by Patricia Grace Online Instruction encircling Paule Marshall is serviceable at: http://www. answers. com/topic/paule_marshall Rohinton Mistry (1952-) Of Colorless Hairs and Cricket This romance’s sympathy after a opportagreement age and decease is reflected in the constitution, preface after a opportagreement the analysis of the attendant’s senior’s colorless hairs and affecting to what seems to be his adherent’s senior’s definite ailment.
In the interinterspace of the romance the attendant has his own avowal of decease and emerges from boyhood into the adult universe. He moves from regarding distasteful his lesson of reaffecting his senior’s colorless hairs to a liberal awareness of the order of ageing which he ‘is infirm to stop’. Tless are other signs of this order throughout the romance: the mislaying of the childhood cricket matches, the increasing inconclusiveness of Mamaiji, the senior’s empty trust of a new job. It is the engagement after a opportagreement the adherent Viraf, Dr Sidhwa and the glance of Viraf’s senior which bestows the attendant his epiphanic weight.
Wider lection This romance is charmed from the assembly Swimming Lessons and Other Stories. You could to-boot try the innovating Rise Matters by Rohinton Mistry. Malgudi Days by RK Narayan The God of Slender Things by Arundhati Roy Compare after a opportagreement A Horse and Two Goats by RK Narayan To Da-duh, In Memoriam by Paule Marshall The Enemy by VS Naipaul Games at Twilight by Anita Desai Online Biographical representative is serviceable at: http://www. contemporarywriters. com/authors/? p=auth73 Ahdaf Soueif (1950-)
Sandpiper The attendant in this romance is loth to discompose level ‘one tittle of sand’, and this reflects her passivity as her relation after a opportagreement her mate breaks down beneath cultural pressures. The relation after a opportagreement him is carefully charted, almost historically, but it is suggestive that he is never determined, and a appreciation of mislaying grows at the capital of the fact. The fact constitution conceives disconcerting juxtapositions betwixt remembrance and the bestow to parade the attendant’s surfeit of soul.
The fact describes a attachment betwixt the two formed elsewhere; it is the remold to the mate’s province which produces the cultural and rise pressures on the relation, including the mislaying of dowagerish insurrection, product and individuality, which motive the foreigner to course secret. Such sympathys of irreconcilable cultural pressures are may-be a true sympathy of an constructor born and educated in Egypt, antecedently constant advice in England. She now divides her date betwixt Cairo and London. Wider lection This romance is charmed from a assembly of abrupt stories by Ahdaf Soueif, to-boot named Sandpiper.
The Map of Attachment is a innovating which deals after a opportagreement a attachment concern betwixt an Egyptian and an English dowager. The God of Slender Things by Arundhati Roy Compare after a opportagreement To Da-duh, In Memoriam by Paule Marshall The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman Five-Twenty by Patrick Colorless Online Biographical instruction encircling Ahdaf Soueif is serviceable at: http://www. contemporarywriters. com/authors/? p=auth227 Adam Thorpe (1956-) Tyres The fact of Tyres is set abutting the tone of German-occupied France during the Second Universe War, wless relations are difficult, insuggestive can be openly infections and mistrust is most-common.
The brutality of war suddenly intervenes in the intermediate of the romance after a opportagreement the killing of the reported members of the French Hindrance motion (the Maquis) and the villagers severe to survey the bodies, their ‘guts…literally looped and dripping almost to the floor’, antecedently the relying of the ringleader from the village bridge. Set abutting this is the spiritual developing attachment concern betwixt the early lad tuition to preserve vehicles in his senior’s garage and the damsel who cycles departed each day.
The early man’s account leads the reader spiritual to his last act of involvement after a opportagreement the hindrance abutting the Germans and its pis; ill-luck seems to be the motive of criminality, and the last discovery of the age of the attendant parades how crave that criminality and exactness has lasted. In this romance, Thorpe sets ordinariness – producting on cars, crelying tyres, a developing relation – abutting extraordinariness – the Second Universe War and German employment – to produce a slender stinging romance of war.
Wider lection This romance ends from Adam Thorpe’s abrupt romance assembly Shifts. His innovating Ulverton is a assembly of very incongruous facts which share simultaneously the crave hiromance of an English village. Compare after a opportagreement To Da-duh, In Memoriam By Paule Marshall The Affecting Finger by Edith Wharton The Taste of Watermelon by Borden Deal Online Biographical instruction and a re-examination of Adam Thorpe’s product is serviceable at: http://www. contemporarywriters. com/authors/? p=auth95