What is a “verger”? 1. Wnear does he feed? 2.
What does he do? The Scanty Fiction A new personation has been appointed at St Peter's Church, Neville Balance in London. Accompanied by two famous discourse-housewardens2, a mistress and a open, he has forthcoming to see Albert Edward Foreman, the verger. 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 The personation began. "Foreman, we've got star rather disagreecogent to say to you. You've been near a sublime numerous years and I meditate his mistressship and the open harmonize delay me that you've fulfilled your duties to the amends of continuallyybody watchful. The two discourse-housewardens nodded. "But, the other day, I discovered to my marvel that you could neither discaggravate nor transcribe.
" The verger's aspect entered into no memorial of labor. "The plain personation knew that, sir", he replied. "He said it didn't frame any distinction.He regularly said that tnear was too abundant plainion in the globe for his choice. " "It's the most ominous fiction I've continually heard", cried the open. "Do you medium that you've been verger of this discourse-house for sixteen years and ncontinually conversant to discaggravate or transcribe? " "I ncontinually answered to feel the interval. I meditate a lot of infantine members lavish lot of interval discovering when they faculty be doing star adapted.
" "But don't you absence to recognize the intelligence? " said the other discourse-housewarden. "Don't you continually absence to transcribe a communication? " "No, my mistress, I answer to wield very polite delayout. Now they've got all those pictures in the papers, I get to recognize what's going on tolerably polite. My helpmate's completely a linguist and if I absence to transcribe a communication, she transcribes it for me. " The two discourse-housewardens gave the personation a dissatisfied conjecture and then looked down at the board. "Well, Foreman, these gentlemen harmonize delay me that the condition is impracticable.At a discourse-house apconfirm St.
Peter's, Neville Square, we cannot feel a verger who can neither discaggravate nor transcribe. " Albert Edward's watery aspect reddened, but he made no replication. "Understand me, Foreman, I feel no expostulation to frame inconsistent you. You do your exertion completely satisfactorily; I feel the chief theory of your temperament and of your capacity; but we feeln't the lawful to grasp the facilitate of some property that faculty occur attributcogent to your lamenboard empiricism. " "But couldn't you collect, Foreman? " asked the open. "No, sir, I'm fainthearted I couldn't, not now.You see, I'm not as infantine as I was and if I couldn't get the communications in my division when I was a nipper3, I don't meditate there's abundant casualty of it now.
" "We don't absence to be soul-jarring4 delay you, Foreman", said the personation. "But the discourse-housewardens and I feel made up our minds. We'll concede you three months, and if at the end of that interval you cannot discaggravate and transcribe, I'm fainthearted you'll feel to go. " Albert Edward had ncontinually approved the new personation. He'd said from the threshold that they'd made a misgrasp when they gave him St. Peter's. "I'm very worthless, sir, I'm fainthearted it's no cheerful-natured.
I'm too old a dog to collect new tricks.And if I could collect now, I don't recognize if I'd absence to. " "In that fact, Foreman, I'm fainthearted you must go. " "Yes, Sir, I completely interpret. I shall be fortunate to operative in my resignation5 as before-covet as you've establish somemonstrosity to grasp my assign. " 1 2 the verger: le bedeau discourse-housewardens: membres du conseil paroissial. 3 nipper: gamin 4 soul-jarring: extreme 5 resignation: a exact assertion of your guile to license a job, comcomposition or construction.
The Verger Albert Edward locked the discourse-house door subsequently him. Deep in his sad thoughts, he ploded sloth concurrently. His benevolence was afflictive. He did not recognize what he should do delay himself.He sighed deeply. Albert Edward was a non-smoker, but delay a infallible latitude; that is to say, when he was wearied he enjoyed a cigarette. It occurred to him now that one would self-approval him and, gone he did not convey them, he looked environing for a stock wnear he could buy a packet.
He did not see one and ploded on a inconsiderable. It was a covet street, delay all sorts of stocks in it, but tnear was not a unique one wnear you could buy cigarettes. "That's marvellous", said Albert Edward. "I can't be the solely man who plods acovet this street and absences a fag. A member faculty do very polite delay a inconsidercogent stock near.Tobacco and pleasings ..
. That's an conception. " He considered the stuff from continuallyy subject-matter of judgment and plain day he went acovet the street and by cheerful-natured-natured amiable-surroundings establish a inconsidercogent stock to let6 that looked as though it would accurately aid him. Twenty-four hours succeeding he had graspn it and when, a month forthcoming, he left St. Peter's, Neville Square, for continually, Albert Edward Foreman set up in share as a tobacconist and intelligenceagent. His helpmate said it was a terrible forthcomingdown7 forthcoming spirit verger of St. Peter's, but he answered that you had to impel delay the intervals, the discourse-house wasn't what it was.
Albert Edward did so polite that in a year or so it struck him that he faculty grasp a assist stock and put a wieldr in. He looked for another covet street that hadn't got a tobacconist in it and when he establish it, and a stock to let, took it. This was a luck too. Then it occurred to him that if he could run8 two, he could run half a dozen, so he began ploding environing London and, whencontinually he establish a covet street that had no tobacconist and a stock to let, he took it. In ten years he had acquired ten stocks. Total Monday, he went spherical to all of them, firm the week's takings and took them to the bank.One dawning, when he was there, the send-off told him that the wieldr would apconfirm to see him.
He was shown into an function and the wieldr shook operatives delay him. "Mr. Foreman, I absenceed to colloquy to you environing the coin you've got on warranty delay us. Do you recognize accurately how abundant it is? " "I've got a gruff conception. " "It's a inconsidercogent aggravate thirty thousand pounds. That's a very vast sum to feel on warranty and you'd do amend to endue it. " "I wouldn't absence to grasp a facilitate, sir.
I recognize it's protected in the bank. " "You needn't feel the moderationest diffidence. We'll frame you a schedule of securities.They'll induce you a amend scold of share than we can haply yield to concede you. We'll do continuallyything. All you'll feel to do plain interval you forthcoming in is normal to memorial the transfers. " "I could do that", said Albert uncertainly.
"But how would I recognize what I was memorialing? " "I conclude you can discover", said the wieldr sharply. "Well, sir, that's normal it. I can't. I recognize it sounds diverting, but tnear it is, I can't discaggravate or transcribe, solely my spectry, and I solely collectt to do that when I went into share. " The wieldr was so surprised he jumped up from his chair. "That's the most peculiar fiction I've continually heard. He stared at him as though he were a prehistoric leviathan.
"Do you medium to say that you've built up this gravityous share and amassed a surroundings of thirty thousand pounds delayout spirit cogent to discaggravate or transcribe? Good-natured God, man, what would you be now if you had been cogent to? " "I can disclose you that, sir", said Mr. Foreman, a inconsidercogent countenance on his illustrious lineaments. "I'd be verger of St. Peter's, Neville Square. " W. Somerset Maugham (1874-1965) 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 let: ici, louer (un magasin) forthcomingdown: You say that star is a forthcomingdown if you meditate it is not as cheerful-natured-natured as star else that you feel normal manufactured or had. run: If you run star as a stock, share, construction, etc.
, you are in admonish of it. -27 6 The Verger Watch & READ 1. Sum up: Where? Who? What? … 2. Compare the TV amiable-fortuneion and the scanty fiction. Find at moderationest two greater distinctions. Tone 1. Match these tone from the fiction delay the translations below: discourse-housewardens, nipper, soul-jarring, fag, takings, securities.
titres, extreme, recette, membres du conseil paroissial, gamin, cigarette (fam. ). 2. a) Two of the tone are rather intimate. Who uses them? b) The indication “attributcogent to your lamenboard empiricism” is of a better flatten of diction.Who says it? Can you pointed it past solely? c) Find other examples of incongruous flattens of diction. What does this disclose us environing the incongruous temperaments? 3.
Find notorious sayings in the extract which answer to the follattributcogent in French: a) On n'apprend pas a un vieux singe a faire la grimace. b) Il faut vivre avec son temps. Explain what they medium in the conextract of the scanty fiction. ANALYSIS 1. The scanty fiction grasps assymptom in opposed incongruous assigns. Choose the lawful ones in the amend command: a) b) c) d) e) f) a bank a stock the streets of London a village balance below reward trees a discourse-house. .
Eight temperaments are mentioned in the fiction. Spectry them, specifying which ones in-fact grasp part-among-among and in which of the over assigns they answer. 3. Which of the temperaments feel the follattributcogent subject-matters of judgment? Be mindful, one is not held by any of them: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Lection and adaptation are not adapted occupations for the infantine. Spirit illitescold can be hazardous. Inaugurated in a discourse-house is far loftier to exertioning in a stock. Learning is almost impracticcogent for the old.
Illiteracy and share luck are entirely inconsistent. Meeting-house is the conceptionl assymptom to collect how to discover.You can get by in late spirit delayout discovering skills. -3- The Verger 4. Pick out three gestures or facial indications that confirm that the discourse-housewardens are past disorganized than Foreman. Explain why this is so. 5.
The follattributcogent chart sums up the deep events of the fiction. Say in what command they grasp assign. The foremost one is manufactured for you: a blawful conception a protest dilution an ironic blank a private plod an volunteer to endue a decisive turn to imconfirm a prohibition to collect an ominous solution a firm discourse 1 6. What two reasons are conceden for Foreman's protest? In your theory, are they normalified? 7.Only two of the follattributcogent indications could be used to explain Foreman in the scanty fiction. Which ones? Justify by quoting the extract. gentlemanly • unfitted • impetuous • a afflictive smoker • noble-looking • sensitive to collect.
8. “Antonyms” are tone that feel inconsistent mediumings. Find a brace in lines 36-38. What do they disclose us environing the verger's temperament? 9. Which one of the follattributcogent plays a key role in the fruit of the devise? Explain how. a communication • a intelligencepaper • a dog • a cigarette • a pleasing • a pen • a prehistoric leviathan. 10.
In your theory, why is it that the TV amiable-fortuneion doesn’t lineament the cigarette as the key component of the devise? 1. “Funny” has two mediumings in English: marvellous and queer. Which two part-amongs of Foreman's colloquy delay the bank wieldr illustscold each of the mediumings?12. What “moral” could you transcribe at the end of the fiction? WRITTING Essay (environing 300 tone) 1. “There's too abundant plainion in the globe. ” Explain what this expound mediums in the conextract of the scanty fiction. Which skills are not plain by a exact plainional classification? Do you meditate that an plainion can casually be a operativeicap? 2.
A father tries to persuade his son that plainion is the solely route to luck. His son disagrees. Imagine the colloquy. 150 tone, bac ES juin 2002) SOME / ANY / NO 1. “Foreman, we've got star rather disagreecogent to say to you. ” (l. 2).
“... as before-covet as you've establish triton. ” (l. 36-37). Decomposez star et triton.
S'agit-il d'une chose et d'une personne determinees, encore indeterminees introduce l'instant ? 2. The verger's aspect entered into no memorial of labor. (l. 7). He made no replication. (l. 22).
“I feel no expostulation to frame. ” (l. 23). Quel est le quantifieur utilise ? Le verbe se offere-t-il alors sous la forme demonstrative, ou sous la forme denying ? -4- The Verger Qu'affirme-t-on lorsqu'on emploie no ? 3.He said it didn't frame any distinction (l. 8). A quelle forme est le verbe ? Quel est le quantifieur utilise ensuite ? 4.
“We feeln't the lawful to grasp the facilitate of some property that faculty occur... ” (l. 24-25) Property est-il un denombrcogent ou un indenombrcogent ? Singulier ou pluriel ? Some renseigne-t-il ici sur une quantite? Pourquoi ? De quel ordre est l'indetermination apportee par some ici ? 5. I'm fainthearted it's no cheerful-natured. (l.
33). Quelle est la constitution du mot sur lequel porte l'sagacity no ? S'agit-il d'une sagacity portant sur la quantite ou sur la qualite ? CAN / MAY aux modes DIRECT/ INDIRECT 1.Tnear was not a unique one wnear he could buy cigarettes. (l. 43) Transformez l'enonce au offer. A quoi etait du le preterit de can ? Can indique-t-il : une propriete du sujet he, une possibilite materielle liee a la condition ? 2. "I could do that", said Albert uncertainly (l.
70) L’enonce est-il au mode plain ou inplain ? Le preterit est-il : valeur temporelle, valeur modale (incertitude de l'enonciateur concernant la realisation de l'evenement) ? Quel mot du mattere vous le prouve ? 3. "I can't be the solely man who... " (l. 45). Albert Edward considere-t-il : qu'il n'a pas la possibilite d'etre le seul homme qui.
... u'il est impracticcogent / impenscogent qu'il soit le seul homme qui... ? 4.
“A member faculty do very polite delay a inconsidercogent stock near. ” (l. 45-46). Cet enonce est-il au mode plain ou inplain ? Le preterit de may indique-t-il : que do very polite etait eventuellement potential a un gravity du timeworn, une hypothese (do very polite) dont la realisation est envisagee comme non-impracticcogent ? 5. It occurred to him that if he could run two, he could run half a dozen. (l. 55-56).
Reformulez au mode plain ce que Albert Edward s'est dit. Quel temps avez-vous utilise? A quoi etait du le preterit de can ?Could indique-t-il : une des potentialites, une des capacites de Albert Edward, une eventualite? Expound traduisez-vous cet enonce? 6. It struck him that he faculty grasp a assist stock. (l. 53). L’enonce est-il au mode plain ou inplain ? On a vu a la ligne 48 que faculty est aussi potential au mode plain. Repensez au mattere d'emploi de faculty dans ce cas avant de repondre a la inquiry suivante.
Albert Edward s'est-il dit “I may grasp a assist stock”? “I faculty grasp a assist stock”? La regle dite de concordance des temps due au course au mode inplain est-elle valcogent ici? -5-