Problems and Prospects of Thanjavur Art Plate Artisans
The Thanjavur Art Compound is a earth renowned one and is substance effected merely in Thanjavur Town. The making of Thanjavur Art Compound is recognised as diminutive manipulation cottage activity, as the emanation takes situate at the accustomed flatten. The Thanjavur Art Compound craftsmans are having detailed expertness for making Thanjavur Art compound of divergent dimension and archetype. It is a dodge consisting of metals such as Silver, Copper and Impudence (Alloy) relievant after a while figures of Gods and Goddesses at its Centre.
Thanjavur Art compound craftsmans keep quantitys approve expertnessed labours, not-aapprove experience of global communicateing and induce prelude abilities, scanty instruction technology, scarcity to educate bombardment and deficiency of infrastructure. So, the Art compound craftsmans are mixed to emanation other individuals approve ornament box, key obligation, douceur individuals and photo frames etc. The illustration dimension of the consider moderebuke of 200 craftsmans who are the emanationrs and retailers of the Thanjavur Art compounds.
Only manful craftsmans are implicated in this archearchepattern of emanation. The furnishings of the consider pomp the divergent quantitys visaged by the emanationrs and retailers in the ground. The confer-upon consider deals the diverse quantitys of the Thanjavur Art Compound craftsmans, which can be eradicated by the alternate society of Thanjavur Art Compound craftsmans after a while the manipulation ship-yield communicateers and Empire of India in enjoin to boost and exalt the unwritten sector.
The making of Thanjavur Art compound is one of the unwritten manipulations after a while detailed and clever dodge emanation. Art compound comprises of two absorblier magnanimous metals approve Silver, Copper and admixture approve Brass. Now-a-days, dissipation of the metals for making Art compound is very involved consequently of the expense of metals is going on increasing. The emanation of Art compound requires divergent archetypes of expertness and accustomed labours approve dull metal emanationer, ornament creator and remedy setter. Thus, it is a team emanation performed by the craftsmans.
They always visage divergent quantitys in-detail financial and communicateing to emanation and retail their emanation. Many craftsmans are emanationing as daily wage gainers and no financial institutions are hereafter progressive to aid them to behove entrepreneurs. This manipulation claims a tall station of cleverness and perseverance which is a unwritten art of a detail unity and is vigorously obstructed in Thanjavur Town. China and Thailand keep effected admixtures which is impudence approve metals. These emanations are cheaper, lighter and do not abandon its beam. The tallest quantitys of Thanjavur Art Compound craftsmans are emanation crop and communicateing, expense of the raw embodieds, globalisation and stagnation of instruction technology which makes a greater setback to this sector.
Chutia and Sarma (2017) symmetrical that in the age of global rivalry when the earth has behove a diminutive trading unity, manipulation craftsmans always rival after a while muniment made emanations and conexamination for the nourishment of their age old unwritten industries. Changing authoritative requirements and aesthetics orientation of bestow customers are urgent-compulsory craftsmans to modify indubiboard unwritten features of the dodges and innovate according to communicate claim. In abstracted to this, unbiased glide of quantitative metal individuals besides offers hard rivalry to the ship-produceed sector. Artisans complying after a while existing wants of customers, comparatively, do courteous in economic stipulations than those surrendering age-old emanations.
Artisans besides appear to abide the dodge in coming and submit their kith and kin to enter-upon the possession, since they furnish it a not spurious pay rise. Kabitha Kalita and Sarma (2016) explicit that the earth communicate has transitional drastically for expertnessed and unuseful emanationforce and there is a growing want for emanationers after a while particularised expertnesss. Impudence metal substance one of the unwritten industries of Assam can behove one of the main contributors towards the return breed of the set-forth merely if technological innovations are brought environing in the possession of the industries, this is merely potential when the emanationers of these industries allure be useful and equipped trodden.
Medhi et.al (2012) identified that the confer-upon site compels them to switch aggravate to other tertiary activities resigning their unwritten impudence metal emanation. But resisting of these a bunch of blood-warm Morias are involved to recaggravate their unwritten impudence emanation. Attempt has besides been made to examine their unwritten possession and the scanty economic requisite of the unwritten impudence craftsmans.
Profile of the Consider Area
Thanjavur has a very forcible situate in earth Tourism Map, consequently of its desire run fact, tall-flavored art, humanization and legacy. So, it is daily visited for-the-most-part by foreigners and domiciliary tourists. The aesthetic appreciation of the visitors makes an sympathy towards the emanations approve Thanjavur Art Plate, Thanjavur dancing dolls, Pith emanation, Thanjavur painting etc. This creates a claim for the emanation of Art Plate. This art of making Art Plates was a very dear and prestigious one in the elapsed fact of Thanjavur.
Statement of the Problem
The Thanjavur Art Compound craftsman's socio economic requisite was very tall during the limit of Raja Serfoji. But, at the confer-upon term Art compound craftsmans were very involved to outlast and emanation the cheerful temper emanations. The estimate of Art compound craftsmans' families has been declining from 300 to 200. Many of the craftsmans were migrated from Thanjavur town and cherish in other labour emanations. The increasing absorb and omission of raw embodied afford affects the emanation. Billing of electricity subordinate retail slab increases the absorb of the emanation. Young craftsmans from unwritten lineage who were cherishd in this art are switching aggravate to other area of emanations to gain past coin.
This leads to stagnation of equal expertnessed and unwritten craftsmans. Artisans who are allureing to set-out an idiosyncratic calling do not keep distant whole of chief at his own. The quantity appears to be whack in the condition of Thanjavur Art compound craftsmans consequently District Industries Centre is providing a hypothecation of one Lakh Rupees merely and other financial institutions are not allureing to procure hypothecation to them. The Art compound is purely a honorary individual, it has no advantage esteem, and this inhibits the communicate design of the emanation. Altogether, they are oppositeness diverse quantitys approve financial, communicateing, cheaper technological intrusion due to globalisation, stagnation of temper raw embodieds and non availability of expertnessed labours etc.
Objectives of the Study
To subordinatestand the expertness and experience of Thanjavur Art Compound craftsmans.
To analyse the quantitys visaged by Thanjavur Art Compound craftsmans and
To comprehend the intrigues procured by the empire to aggravatecome the quantitys.
Data Collection: The basis used for the consider is twain elementary and inferior. Elementary basis was firm by using colloquy catalogue from Thanjavur Art compound craftsmans. The Inferior basis were firm from reported journals and learning publications.
Research Design: Descriptive and analytical learning has been used.
Sample dimension: 200 Art Compound craftsmans from Thanjavur Town.
Sampling Technique: Simple Random Sampling
Statistical Technique: Percentage Analysis, Chi-square examination and Karl Pearson interrelation.
Limitations of the Study
The questions in the colloquy catalogue are close-ended questions which limits the craftsmans' quantitys.
Limited illustration dimension was due to unavailability of craftsmans at the term of basis gathering.
The consider furnishings cannot be generalised.
Data Analysis and Interpretation
Table 1 Demographic form of the Thanjavur Art Compound Artisans
Demographic Variables Frequency Percentage
Monthly Pay Underneath
Rs. 10,000 121 60.5
Rs. 10,001 to Rs. 20,000 46 23.0
Above Rs. 20,000 33 16.5
Total 200 100
Age 20-30 Years 34 17.0
31-40 years 61 30.5
41-50 years 66 33.0
51 years and aloft 39 19.5
Total 200 100
Type of Lineage Junction 107 53.5
Nuclear 93 46.5
Total 200 100
Qualification Illiterebuke 41 20.5
School 99 49.5
College 49 24.5
Professional 11 5.5
Total 200 100
Source: Elementary Data
The aloft board pomps that the demographic form of the respondents of Thanjavur Art compound craftsmans after a while deference to Monthly Income, Age, Archepattern of lineage and Educational Qualification. Out of 200 craftsmans, 60.5 per cent of the Art Compound craftsman's pay is underneath Rs. 10,000 per month. The greaterity (33 percent) of the craftsmans belongs to the age bunch betwixt 41 to 50 years. 53.5 percent of the craftsmans are subsistence as junction lineage arrangement. Regarding the Educational condition, 49.5 percent of craftsmans are train leavers and 20.5 per cent are Illiterate.
Ho: There is no forcible homogeneity betwixt Age bunch of the craftsmans and the quantitys oppositeness by the craftsmans
Table 2 Result of Tests of anarchy betwixt Age bunchs and divergent quantitys of Art Compound craftsmans
Problems of Art Compound Artisans Chi- Square P esteem Statistical Inference
Raw embodieds connected quantitys 14.10 0.07 P;0.05
Technical and expertness grounded quantitys 25.55 0.00 P;0.05
Marketing and infrastructure quantitys 35.15 0.00 P;0.05
Information and system quantitys 23.15 0.00 P;0.05
Financial quantitys 14.55 0.06 P;0.05
Source: Elementary basis
From the aloft board, it is resultant that:
a. There is no forcible homogeneity betwixt age bunch of the Art Compound craftsmans and Raw embodieds connected quantitys. So, confirm the ineffectual conjecture
b. There is forcible homogeneity betwixt age bunch of the craftsmans and Technical, expertness grounded quantitys. Hence, exclude the ineffectual conjecture.
c. There is forcible society betwixt age bunch of the craftsmans and Marketing, infrastructure quantitys. Therefore ineffectual conjecture is excludeed
d. There is forcible homogeneity betwixt age bunch of the Art compound craftsmans and instruction, system quantitys. Hence, exclude the ineffectual conjecture, and
e. There is no forcible homogeneity betwixt age bunch of the Art compound craftsmans and financial quantitys. Therefore ineffectual conjecture is confirmed.
Table 3 Interrelation betwixt separated demographic variables and the
Problems of Art Compound Artisans
Demographic Variables Problems of Art Compound Artisans Correlation
Age Pearson Interrelation .478** Significantly Positive Correlation
Sig. (2- tailed) 0 Educational Condition Pearson Interrelation .428** Significantly Positive Correlation
Sig. (2- tailed) 0 Hymeneal Status Pearson Interrelation 0.007 Not Significant
Sig. (2- tailed) 0.919 Monthly Pay Pearson Interrelation -0.003 Not Significant
Sig. (2- tailed) 0.967 Dimension of the lineage Pearson Interrelation .591** Significantly Positive Correlation
Sig. (2- tailed) 0 ** Interrelation is forcible at the 0.01 flatten (2 – tailed)
The aloft board pomps that there is a vigorous interrelation betwixt the age, educational condition, dimension of the lineage and the quantitys of Art Compound craftsmans. It is besides resultant that there is no forcible interrelation betwixt hymeneal status, monthly pay and the quantitys of Art compound craftsmans.
Findings of the Study
Government intrigues not reaching the sincere craftsmans.
Lack of confidence facilities is the most noteworthy canvass to an craftsman.
Artisans largely exist on Commerce fairs and exhibitions to retail their emanations.
The craftsman is not systematic.
The craftsman suffered a earnest scantiness in communicateing customers' expectancy.
Poor infrastructure and close reward are forcing craftsmans to adopt other calling.
Most of the craftsmans explicit that the non-availability of emanationing chief.
Marketing, ship-yield avenues and linkages are poor.
Lack of submitment of retail collaboration betwixt enterprises.
Dissemination of communicate instruction was not performed at the trodden term to enlarge their communicates.
Hazardous air pollutants released during fluid of impudence, principle respiratory diseases floatingst the craftsmans and their families.
Exploitation of craftsmans by middlemen.
Higher raw embodied expenses and absorblier electrical energy keep created an increased want for past chief.
Art compound craftsmans are struggling to rival after a while the cheaper, low temper and past availability of global muniment made impudence emanations.
Schemes Granted By the Empire to Overcome the Problems
Government had implemented two programmes in the spectry of Rajiv Gandhi Shilpi Swasthya Bima Yojana and Janshree Bima Yojana for craftsmans in the age bunch of 18-60 for bloom and vitality protection for the craftsmans adesire after a while three existents.
Ministry of political fairness and empowerment has established Shilp Sampada intrigue to mend the economic scale of craftsmans and manipulation. It allure procure hypothecation upto 10 lakhs for unwritten Artisans of Backward class to upgrade their entrepreneurial expertnesss.
Welfare intrigue of USTTAD (Upgrading expertnesss and Training in Unwritten Arts for Development) aimed at upgrading and promoting the expertnesss of craftsmans from minority communities.
More bloom connected intrigues keep to be implemented for guard of the craftsmans.
Financial Assistance for prelude up issues environing to mark fabric and sales encouragement of Unwritten manipulations should be implemented.
Dissemination of Empire intrigues, hypothecation facilities, environing commerce fairs and exhibitions, experience of E-Commerce, widening of ship-yield avenues and linkages, communicate instruction should be performed at the trodden term to mend their communicates.
Raw embodieds approve magnanimous metals, admixtures and electricity should be ardent in subsidised rebukes.
Programmes should be coined for trodden communicateing of the Art Plates at a profiboard rebuke effected by the craftsmans.
The Empire of India keep to notorious an Institute for all unwritten arts where a important craftsman can get a persistent job to impart new craftsmans. Moreover, measures should be charmed to boost and mend the attention of craftsmans to abide their clever and aesthetic emanation after a whileout compromising the unwritten and temper of the Thanjavur Art Plate.
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